Rethinking the Senses: Uniting the Philosophy and Neuroscience of Perception
Funded by: AHRC
Main contact: Prof. Fiona Macpherson
Start date: 2013
End date: 2017
Postdoctoral Researcher: Keith Wilson
Our everyday understanding of perception is that we see, touch, smell, taste, and hear. The vocabulary of five distinct senses ramifies through our descriptions of thought, emotion, and aesthetics. Until recently, philosophers and scientists alike have accepted this framework and studied each of the senses in isolation. Modern cognitive neuroscience is challenging our understanding of sensory perception: instead of five we might have to count up to 33 different senses, each served by dedicated sets of receptors. Studying the senses in isolation is also misleading: everyday experiences, such as watching a film or eating a meal, involve different senses working together.
We will draw upon the expertise of philosophers, psychologists and neuroscientists, allowing them to work together in entirely new ways. Through seminars, workshops and conferences, they will consider existing scientific evidence within a philosophical framework, with the specific intention of raising critical questions to be tested empirically. Philosophers and scientists will work together in this work, including the design and conduct of experiments within a new experimental space at the Institute of Philosophy, the first of its kind to be dedicated to interactions between the sciences, the art and the humanities.
Collaborations, events and new online resources, available to specialists, the media and the public, will highlight the importance of the multisensory revolution in research on perception.
Through extensive collaboration with a variety of other partners, not only academic but also in the arts, industrial, medical and educational sectors, our project should also have strong impact within and beyond the academic world. It will aid in the development and design of new technologies that use multisensory interactions to help deaf and blind people and those who suffer from untreatable pain, changes in body image, or reduction in the sense of smell. It will inform the rapidly advancing efforts to enhance sensory experience, such as in the appreciation of the visual and performing arts, in the retail and service industries, and in gastronomy and education.